Sometimes online marketing seems fulls of terms which are confusing for a business owner who is just starting their web journey. Do you remember the first time you had to “look something up?” You used a dictionary, a thesaurus or even an encyclopedia, remember those? Now what do you do? Google it?
Here’s a “What Does This Mean?” glossary for web analytics.
Abandon – Customers who drop off/out or leave during the process of conversion, like a half filled form or incomplete purchase.
Acquire – Process of getting visitors to your website or the number of visitors arrived.
Bounce Rate – The instances of visitors entering and leaving the same page. High bounce rates indicate the landing page needs to be improved and SEO work should be considered.
Browser – Type of browser your visitors use, typically Internet Explorer, Firefox or Google Chrome.
Click Through Rate (CTR) – Usually used as banner ads (like Google Ads) success. It is number of clicks / number of impressions.
Click Through – When a click on a link leads to another section of the site or page, or another website.
Conversion – An activity that fulfills the intended purpose of a website like buying a product, filling up a form or subscribing to a newsletter. Conversion rate is the percentage of visitors who successfully convert.
Cookie – A text file placed on the visitor’s computer while browsing a website. Cookies contain information to track returning visitors. For example, when a site contains a checkbox next to a login screen to “Remember”, that enables a cookie on your computer.
Crawler/Spider/Bots – Used primarily by search engines,Google, this automated program gathers information from the internet by indexing and reviewing a website for new content, usually they go through a site every few days, but it can take up to 2 weeks for a crawler to index an entire website.
Entry Page – The first page viewed by a visitor while browsing through a website.
Exit Page – The last page viewed, rather the page from which the visitor exited.
Hit – An often confused term, a web page is a collection of different components like programming languages, images and style sheets, each registering as a separate hit with every single request for the page. For example you may have a logo, and three pictures, equaling four graphic files. Every time that page is accessed, it counts as four hits. It is misleading when a web traffic report states you got 3,000 hits last month, so don’t pay a lot of attention to how many hits your site gets.
Impressions – Each view of an online advertisement is counted as an impression.
Keywords – Words and phrases entered in a search engine to reach a result page. Keywords help position websites well to attract potential customers.
New Visitor – Visitors reaching a site for the first time. When comparing this to return visitors, you get a sense of site stickiness and your visitors’ loyalty. Note: New visitors may be over counted, as most tracking code requires visitors to have cookies enabled on their web browsers. If users have cookies turned off, or have deleted their cookies since the last visit, they appear as a new visitor.
Organic Search – Users find results through unpaid search engines, unlike Pay Per Click (PPC).
Page Duration – Time spent by visitor on a web page. Typically, the higher the time on site, the more engaged visitors are in a site’s content.
Page Views – Each rendering of the web page by the server is counted as a page view. Page views define an accurate estimate of how many times pages on your site were viewed by visitors.
Path Analysis – How visitors go through the website. It is valuable information to see if visitors follow the intended site navigation.
PPC – Pay per click, also called paid searches where the advertiser pays based on the number of clicks on the advertisement. Google and Overture are two popular paid search engines.
Referrer – Websites, Search Engines or Directories or any others identifiable as the origin of the visitor. One thing to keep a pulse on is how many mobile visitors are coming to your site and prepare your action plan for mobile.
Return Visitor – A visitor who can be identified with multiple visits, either through cookies or authentication. A high ratio of return visitors implies a site has “sticky” content, with a loyal audience.
Search Analytics – Analyzing search terms and behavior of visitors using the website search engine.
Search Engine Optimization (SEO) – the process of improving the visibility of a website or a web page in search engines via the “organic” or un-paid search results. Typically, the higher ranked and more frequently a site appears in the search results list, the more visitors it will receive.
Session – The record of a single visitor browsing through the website. It includes an entry page, navigation and exit pages.
Stickiness – A website’s capability to retain visitors, measured as number of pages visited per session and time spent on website.
Visitor – Also called unique visitor, is an individual visiting a website over a specified period of time. A visit is understood as two consecutive actions by a visitor within a span of 30 minutes.
Web Analytics – The process of collection, measurement and analysis of user activity on a website to understand and help achieve the intended objective of the website, usually one or a combination of: increased revenue, lower cost or improved customer service.
A key web analytics question is: “Is my website performing the way I want it to?” If not, start tweaking. Remember: Little Things Generate Big Impact Online.
Did this help you? Is there a term you still don’t understand? Please ask in the comment section, so we can help you understand these terms. It is important to note the days of the week and the time of day that site is accessed the most; so you can update pages and avoid disrupting traffic. Don’t forget to review web stats monthly: Set a calendar reminder to get the information and then analyze the results! And forward this post on to others who have a website or are thinking about creating a new one. Don’t waste the time and effort you put into your site design and content (and blogging) without analyzing the results.